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Kinship Adoption

Kinship Adoption

The majority of domestic adoptions involve placement with grandparents and other relatives. In Ohio this is referred to as kinship adoption. There are a number of conditions that might lead a family member to assume temporary custody or guardianship of a child, include the illness, disability or absence of the parents, or allegations of child abuse or neglect.

When a child is placed permanently with a relative, the state offers a number of supportive resources, including financial assistance.

The Kinship Permanency Incentive Program offers a one-time grant for adoptive relatives to alleviate some of the financial burden of raising additional children. A relative is eligible for the grant under the following conditions:

  • The child was removed from the home of the birthparents due to allegations of abuse or neglect
  • The court deems the placement to be in the child’s best interest
  • The income of the adoptive family does not exceed 300 percent of the federal poverty guideline figure
  • The placement is approved by the public children services agency
  • The adoptive family resides in Ohio
  • The placement is permanent (temporary placements do not qualify)
  • The child currently resides with the adoptive family

If a child is removed from the home by a welfare agency and taken into the custody of the state, a relative can ask for the child to be placed in their home. A family member with temporary custody can obtain legal guardianship if the placement is in the child’s best interest. The legal guardians retain control over the residential, medical, educational and religious decisions for the child. The relatives can then request to adopt the child permanently.

If a parent is incarcerated, seriously ill or unable to provide for a child financially, the parent can grant a power of attorney to the relative. If the parent’s circumstances change, the power of attorney can be revoked. If the placement becomes permanent, the relative can adopt the child under the kinship adoption provision.

The family law attorneys at Fox & Associates C.O., L.P.A. in Dayton are available to assist you with your adoption and child placement needs. Call (937) 204-1555 or contact us online for a free consultation.



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